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  International Truck History

 

In the distant 1831st a self-taught mechanic Cyrus McCormick began to produce the first mechanical harvesters in the United States. After 60 years, his company united with a competitor, creating a concern, called the International Harvester Company (International Combine Company) in 1902. The engineer Edward Johnson who worked there in 1905 created the first proto-truck "Auto-buggy", which went into series in 1907. It was an open platform on wooden wheels with a diameter of 1.5 meters, driven by a 2-cylinder engine of 16-20 liters with two chain drives. The load capacity reached 1 ton.
By the end of the 1920s, the "Inter" program had heavy three-axle models with a carrying capacity of up to 10 tons. Since 1915, it was replaced by a wide range of trucks with carrying capacity up to 3.5 tons. Since 1925, with the opening of the second plant in the town of Springfield, in the production there were trucks of classic layout with 4- and 6-cylinder engines of own production and a cardan drive with a loading capacity of up to 10 tons.
Since 1932 the first cabover delivery truck C300 appeared in the program. In 1941, International Harvester celebrated the release of the millionth car (the III-d place in the United States in the production of trucks) and produced 45 basic models.
Although trucks were the main activity, the concern also produced tractors, harvesters, bulldozers, loaders, road construction equipment. During World War II, "International" produced a unified series of all-wheel drive vehicles, including cargo-passenger elevators.
After the war, the production of trucks developed a series of "K", which included 22 basic models. Medium models (K8-KR11) with a carrying capacity of 6-8 tons with Red Diamond engines with a working volume of 6-7.5 liters. In the same years, the production of the first long-haul trucks of the "Emeryville" series started, with a full mass of road trains of up to 40.5 tons, which laid the foundation for a long chain of followers.
By the early 1960s, International Harvester had developed an extensive truck program, starting with light elevators and ending with giant off-road dump trucks.
In 1962, Loadstar bonnet trucks became the basis of the program. They had a V-shaped 8-cylinder engine with a 4-speed gearbox. Their cabover options were called Cargostar. A year later, appeared heavier bonnets "Fleetstar". In 1965, the most famous cabover long-range tractor CO-4000 Transtar appeared. It was equipped with its own gasoline engine DVT573 or diesels Cummins and Detroit Diesel. Starting with this model, the next 40 years, the cabover trucks "International" have been the leaders of the local market. In 1964, a branch of construction equipment International & Hough was created, producing off-road Payhauler 4x4 dump trucks with a loading capacity of 30-50 tons. At the same time, International Harvester subsidiaries were opened in Australia, Brazil, Great Britain, Canada, Mexico and South Africa.
In the past couple of years, Navistar has continued to develop with the advent of new series with a two-letter designation - HX and LX. It is also a reputable manufacturer of military equipment and cargo diesel engines.

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